Light, medium, and dark roast coffee refer to the roast level of the coffee beans. The roast level refers to how long the coffee beans have been roasted and at what temperature. The roast level can affect the coffee’s flavor, aroma, and body.
Light roast coffee beans are roasted for a shorter time at a lower temperature. They have a light brown color and a dry surface. The flavor of light roast coffee is often described as bright and acidic, with a light body and a sharp, tangy finish. The roasting process preserves the unique flavors of the coffee bean origin, which is why coffee connoisseurs often prefer light roast coffee.
Medium roast coffee beans are roasted for a longer period of time at a higher temperature than light roast coffee. They have a medium brown color and a slightly oily surface. The flavor of medium roast coffee is often described as balanced, with a medium body and a smooth finish.
Dark roast coffee beans are roasted even more extended at a higher temperature than medium roast coffee. They have a dark brown color and a shiny, oily surface. The flavor of dark roast coffee is often described as bold and intense, with a heavy body and a pronounced, smoky finish. Dark roast coffee has a lower acidity level than light or medium roast coffee.
In general, light roast coffee is less intense and has a more pronounced flavor of the specific coffee bean origin, while dark roast coffee is more intense and has a more dominant roasted flavor. The choice of roast level is a matter of personal preference and can depend on individual taste and brewing method.