Robusta coffee is a type of coffee that is grown in countries located in the “bean belt,” a region between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn that includes much of Central and South America, Africa, and Asia. Robusta coffee is the second most popular type of coffee bean in the world, after Arabica.
Robusta coffee plants are known for their hardy nature and ability to withstand a broader range of environmental conditions than Arabica plants. They are also easier and less expensive to grow than Arabica plants. Robusta coffee plants produce larger and more spherical coffee beans than Arabica beans, which are smaller and more oval-shaped. Robusta coffee beans are also generally darker in color than Arabica beans.
Robusta coffee is known for its bold, bitter flavor and its earthy, woody aroma. It has a lower acidity and a nuttier taste than Arabica coffee, which is known for its smooth, mild flavor and its sweet, aromatic aroma. Robusta coffee also has a higher caffeine content than Arabica coffee, making it a good choice for those who need a caffeine boost.
Robusta coffee is widely used in commercial coffee blends, particularly in instant coffee and lower-grade coffee products. It is also used in some espresso blends, where its bold flavor can help balance the milk’s sweetness. Robusta coffee is grown in Vietnam, Indonesia, and Brazil.